Make a difference this November with Generation Joshua!

United States History

Master Teacher:  Robert Spinney, PhD

McGovern Master Teacher

Robert Spinney, PhD

PhD and MA, Vanderbilt University
BA, Harvard University

Dr. Spinney teaches U.S. History classes at Patrick Henry College. He also teaches the upper-division historiography course for History majors that explores what it means to think Christianly about the study of history. Before coming to Purcellville in 2007, he served as a pastor in a Tennessee church while also teaching Patrick Henry College’s online history classes.

Dr. Spinney has also taught at Trinity College (Deerfield, IL), Volunteer State Community College (Gallatin, TN), and The Valwood School and Open Bible Christian School (both in Valdosta, GA, and both junior and senior high schools). He has published two academic history books: World War II in Nashville: Transformation of the Homefront and City of Big Shoulders: A History of Chicago. He has also published ten ministry-related pamphlets with Tulip Books—pamphlets with titles like Did God Create Sports Also? Thinking Christianly About Sports; Monkeying Around With Dangerous Ideas: Four Reasons Outside the Field of Science Why Christians Should Reject Evolutionary Thinking; and Are You Legalistic? Grace, Obedience, and Antinomianism. God has given Rob and his wife Caroline five children, all of whom have been homeschooled.

Classroom Teacher:  Leticia Ash

Leticia AshClassroom Teacher

Leticia Ash

BA, Patrick Henry College

A sixth grade research project on World War II birthed a love of historical research in Leticia Ash. Unfortunately, it also signaled a life-long struggle for conciseness when the five-page assignment became a ten-page paper!

Leticia chose to study history in college because it combined her greatest passion with the highest number of possible opportunities. Her research and writing projects during college included an independent study for Dr. Robert Spinney, the Master Teacher for AP® US History. Many books and essays later, she graduated from Patrick Henry College in 2014 and spent her first year of teaching at a small school in Virginia.

Leticia finds joy in teaching others to research and write well. She is excited to put her skills to work for the Academy in AP® US History and English 1.

Classroom Teacher:  Juli Gleason

Juli GleasonClassroom Teacher

Juli Gleason

BA, Patrick Henry College

Ever since Juli showed a fifth grader how to work a unit-conversion problem when she was seventeen, she has known that God has gifted her to teach. She has also known that her gift does not rely on her power alone—that same fifth grader got the problem wrong because of Juli’s dyslexia!

Since then, Juli has developed her love of teaching both academically and professionally. She holds a BA in Classical Liberal Arts from Patrick Henry College. Practicum work for her degree included student teaching at Regents Classical Christian School in Austin, Texas, and writing and teaching a course in art history, philosophy, and creation for homeschooled students.

Since graduation, Juli has continued to teach. She taught art and choir to first through third graders at a start-up Christian school, where she had the opportunity to develop her own curriculum. For three years after that, Juli oversaw a homeschool co-op academy that focused on Bible knowledge, math skills, reading for information, and writing. During these years, Juli also taught European History, American History, and British Literature, helping her more advanced students prepare for AP® exams.

In 2011, Juli joined the team at HSLDA Online Academy as one of the first AP® US History teachers. She looks forward to the coming academic year as much as she looked forward to the first.

Juli is a native Texan, oldest of six sisters and one brother (all homeschooled), and happily married to an American computer programmer living in Scotland. She and her husband are blessed with a one-year-old son named James.

This is Juli's sixth year teaching for the Academy.

Classroom Teacher:  Caroline Tyrrell

Meade Classroom Teacher

Caroline Tyrrell

BA, Patrick Henry College 

Growing up as one of eight children on a small farm in North Carolina, Caroline Tyrrell never lacked for opportunities to indulge a naturally inquisitive mind. To a fault, she was often unsatisfied with the explanations given in response to her questions about life, and she thus assumed her role as the child always asking, “Why?” These questions often targeted the nature of man and the nature of God Himself — questions which the Lord mercifully used to draw Caroline to Christ who proved to be the embodiment of truth itself. 

Caroline decided to study history in college after realizing that the subject would combine both her desire to write and her desire to think well about the nature of truth. She graduated from Patrick Henry College in 2014 with many new tools in her scholarly belt, but also with the realization that the acquisition of knowledge tends to reveal how much more there is to know. As a perpetual student herself, Caroline is excited to continue to discover God’s truth along with her students, while passing on the tools that have been so helpful to her. 

Since graduating, Caroline has continued to study history and to write. She married her husband David in May 2015 and now resides in Orlando, Florida.

This is Caroline's second year teaching for the Academy.

Duration: Yearlong course offered in fall/spring (32 weeks).
Suggested High School Credit Value: 1 credit.
Suggested Grade Level: 12th grade level.

Description: AP® United States History examines the history of America from the pre-Columbian period to the present. The course challenges students to analyze political, social, cultural, and economic developments and to consider issues in U.S. history from a Christian worldview.

AP® United States History — Live Online Class Session Schedule, 2016–17

Class Section

Weekly Meeting Time


Section 1
Mondays, 7:00–8:30 p.m. Eastern Dr. Robert Spinney;
Ms. Leticia Ash
Section 2
Closed – Section is Full 
Tuesdays, 11:30 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Eastern Dr. Robert Spinney;
Mrs. Juli Gleason
Section 3
Tuesdays, 4:00–5:00 p.m. Eastern Dr. Robert Spinney;
Mrs. Caroline Tyrrell
Note: Additional class times may be added to the schedule later in the registration period. If you have questions, please call 540-338-8290 or email

Frequently Asked Questions 
about AP® United States History


Open All | Close All

  • What topics will I learn about in United States History?

    United States History examines the entirety of United States history, beginning with the pre-Columbian period and extending to about 2000. The subjects, events, trends, themes, and historical debates that comprise a typical college-level U.S. history survey course are covered. While America’s political history provides an overall narrative structure for this course, special attention is paid to social, cultural, and economic issues. The essay assignments permit students to explore issues prompted by a Christian worldview.

    The rigor, assignments, and workload of this course are comparable to those of typical freshman-level college history courses. United States History includes weekly textbook reading assignments, primary-source reading assignments, written lectures, and class participation requirements. Students will also write two analytical essays during the year, with each essay based upon an assigned monograph. Students will also complete six exams during the course, each covering five to six weeks of course content.

    During this course, students will learn to:

    • Examine the political institutions, diplomacy, economic trends, and sociocultural developments in United States history from the pre-Columbus era to the late 1990s,
    • Think conceptually about the past and focus on historical change over time,
    • Analyze the evidence and interpretations presented in historical scholarship,
    • Analyze and interpret primary sources such as documentary material, maps, statistical tables, and pictorial and graphic materials,
    • Write analytical, interpretive, and thematic essays,
    • Respond to document-based questions, and
    • Consider how a Christian worldview affects the study of American history.
  • What books will I use in United States History?

    The official AP® U.S. History Booklist for the 2016–17 academic year is now available.

    You can now order your books for the 2016–17 academic year through HSLDA Online Academy’s bookstore.

    By purchasing your textbooks through the Academy’s bookstore, you may be eligible for Guaranteed Book Buyback. Please view the eligibility requirements to learn more about Guaranteed Book Buyback.

  • Am I ready to take United States History?

    This is a rigorous, college-level course. Lectures and assigned readings assume that students already possess high school-level familiarity with the major events of American history. Students should also have strong reading and writing skills, as this course requires them to write several formal academic essays and answer essay questions on exams. Please visit the College Board page about AP® U.S. History for more information about the material and skills students will study in the course and will need to master for the AP® exam in this subject.

    Still have questions about whether you are ready for an AP® course? Please visit our Academic Readiness page for more information.

  • What if I have a schedule conflict with listed U.S. History class times?

    All live class sessions are recorded for later viewing. While it is recommended that students attend each live class session, students can make arrangements with their instructors to watch the recordings and receive full participation credit.

    Students should contact their instructor at the start of their course to inform the instructor of any foreseen schedule conflicts.  

  • What is a Live Online Class Session in U.S. History?

    In every HSLDA Academy course, students meet weekly with their instructor and classmates in an online classroom for additional teaching, discussion, Q&A, or group activities. The class sessions are interactive and are conducted using a web meeting software with video, audio, chat, and application sharing capabilities.

    Scheduled, real-time sessions in the online classroom are not the only form of instruction available in a HSLDA Online Academy course, but are offered in addition to lectures or other instructional materials that students are able to access online at their convenience.

    When they register, students will need to select a particular class section and live class meeting time. Additional class sections may be added to the schedule at a later point in the course registration period. Registered students will be notified of any changes to the live session schedule.

  • What is the tuition for United States History?

    Please visit our tuition and discounts page for a full summary about course costs.

    HSLDA members save $100 on yearlong AP® courses!