HSLDA Online Academy | What topics will I learn about in Logic & Critical Thinking?

What topics will I learn about in Logic & Critical Thinking?

As a one-semester high school course, Logic & Critical Thinking focuses on helping students become familiar with the key facets of sound reasoning. The course involves weekly readings, recorded lectures, and homework exercises; monthly exams, and culminates with a short capstone paper.

Before discussing the topics covered, many students and parents will appreciate a brief introduction to logic and critical thinking.

Logic is part reading comprehension and part math, but more practical and more fun, (unless you’re already a math lover).

Similar to how we solve math equations, we analyze arguments using logic to determine whether the given information leads to a good conclusion. 

We need critical thinking skills to help us interpret information we read in the news or hear in our daily conversations. Critical thinking helps us find the logic amidst rhetoric, biases, vagueness, and other fallacies that can obscure or hamper reasoning.

Almost half the course is spent on aspects of critical thinking such as

  • thinking and communicating clearly
  • separating rhetoric from logic
  • spotting various type of fallacious reasoning.

Alongside, these aspects, students study aspects of logic such as

  • understanding the flow of arguments
  • recognizing argument forms
  • categorical (Aristotelian) logic with Venn diagrams
  • and truth-functional logic with an introduction to truth tables and formal argument proofs (the fun math side).

Throughout this process, we will read and discuss short Christian readings on logic. We approach logic as an important structure within God’s creation. Logic enables reasoning which helps us understand, and function well within, the world.

God’s word makes clear that He interacts with us as thinking beings. So thinking well is especially important for Christians.

Content Disclaimer: Please note, we will spend time in class analyzing controversial topics and real-world debates. We do not shy away from these topics, since it is important for students to learn how to interpret ideas they will hear on the news and in everyday conversations. However, we do our best to address all topics from a student-friendly and biblical perspective.